Debilitating conditions and injuries that affect the foot and ankle can limit your mobility. Injuries to the foot and ankle’s intricate network of bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments can cause excruciating pain and functional problems. At our cutting-edge facilities, our skilled orthopedic experts at NOVA Ortho & Spine provide cutting-edge treatment options for foot and ankle orthopedic care.
The various parts of the foot and ankle can be affected by injuries, degenerative diseases, lifestyle choices, and other underlying medical issues. The cause of discomfort or functional issues can be from the nerves, bones, ligaments, tendons, or joints. To accurately identify the type of foot or ankle disease, our orthopedic specialists carry out advanced diagnostic testing, which is followed by a thorough treatment plan. We treat a wide range of orthopedic foot and ankle disorders, including the following:
ANKLE ARTHRITIS AND OSTEOARTHRITIS
There are more than 100 different types of joint inflammation. Several of these types of arthritis can damage the ankle joint, which is where the bones of the foot and lower leg converge. Some of them include osteoarthritis, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis. The tibia, talus, and fibula come together at the major ankle joint. When this joint develops arthritis, it may become painful, swollen, stiff, and lose flexibility.
For proper foot movement and balance, the big toe is necessary. The toe has two joints: a middle joint and a joint at the base (metatarsophalangeal MTP) (interphalangeal). The big toe’s MTP joint stiffens due to the condition known as hallux rigidus, which hurts and restricts motion.
Several bones and joints make up the foot and ankle, allowing for flexible mobility and balance. Foot fusion surgery may be an option to treat pain or restore function when the foot or ankle bones are affected by arthritis, injuries that have not healed properly, or other issues that result in discomfort or decreased movement. At NOVA Ortho & Spine, our orthopedic surgeons provide ankle and foot fusion surgery as a treatment option for foot discomfort and functional problems.
Heel pain is one of the most typical complaints related to foot discomfort. Running, walking, and other activities can strain the heel, which could lead to short-term or long-term pain. You may be limited in your movements and activities if you have heel pain. At NOVA Ortho & Spine, our orthopedic specialists provide diagnostic and heel pain treatment to determine the root of the problem and the most effective course of action for relief.
When someone has intoeing, their feet turn inward while they are standing or walking. Due to the position of their feet when they walk, children who have this ailment are frequently referred to as “pigeon toed.”
A collection of joints that connect the forefoot and midfoot can be found in the middle of the foot. The Lisfranc joint complex is a collection of joints that includes the bones and ligaments that attach the toe bones (metatarsal bones) to the remainder of the foot. The Lisfranc joints are joints like any other, and injuries to them can lead to pain or functional problems.
The metatarsal bones, which join the midfoot to the toes, are located on the ball of the foot together with muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Running and jumping can increase pressure on the foot’s ball, which could result in injury. Typically, repetitive stress to the foot’s ball causes metatarsalgia, which results in discomfort and inflammation.
BONE SPURS, PLANTAR FASCIITIS
Plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the plantar fascia on the bottom of the foot, is the most typical cause of heel pain. In the U.S., over 2 million Americans are diagnosed with plantar fasciitis every year. Plantar fasciitis is frequently accompanied by bone or heel spurs.
Tendons provide support and stability by joining muscles to bones. There are many tendons in the ankle that support the joint and foot. The peroneus longus and peroneus brevis are two of the tendons that run behind the bony protrusion on the outside of the ankles. Peroneal tendinitis is the medical term for inflammation or irritation of these tendons.
(Toe Pain) – The synovial lining is a membrane that lines joints that have cavities, including the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP). When this lining becomes inflamed, it is called synovitis and can cause joint pain. In the MTP joint, synovitis results in toe pain, and it can be related to capsulitis, arthritis and gout. Our orthopedic specialists at NOVA Ortho & Spine offer treatment for MTP synovitis, capsulitis and toe pain at our medical centers.
POSTERIOR TIBIAL TENDON DYSFUNCTION
The calf muscle is connected to the foot by the posterior tibial tendon, which raises the foot arch and supports the foot while walking. Injuries or injury to the posterior tibial tendon can hurt and affect how the foot functions. One of the most prevalent foot issues, particularly in women and people over 40, is this one.
SESAMOIDITIS (TOE PAIN)
The big toe and the tendons in the foot are supported by the two sesamoids on the forefoot. These bones are tiny, about the size of a tooth, but if they break or irritate the tendons in the foot, they can inflame and hurt (sesamoiditis).