One of the body’s most vital joints for movement is the knee. Moreover, it is one of the joints most susceptible to damage from an illness or injury throughout the course of your lifetime. Particularly in the case of sportsmen and other active people, the knee joint is always under pressure and stress. At our orthopedic clinics, our skilled orthopedic specialists offer cutting-edge choices in knee orthopedic therapy for patients of all ages.
Orthopedic Knee Conditions: Types
There are a variety of disorders that can result in discomfort and dysfunction in the knee joints, including arthritis, bursitis, and cysts in addition to knee sprains, strains, and fractures. Advanced tests are used by our orthopedic specialists to precisely identify the source of knee pain and dysfunction. At NOVA Ortho & Spine we look for the following conditions:
ACL TEAR OR SPRAIN
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprains or tears are one of the most frequent knee injuries. Football, baseball, basketball, and soccer fans frequently hear about athletes who had ACL injuries. An ACL tear or sprain can occur in anyone, not just elite athletes. An ACL damage can occur from any type of injury caused twisting of the knee.
The knee joint is lubricated and shielded by synovial fluid as it moves. It is possible for synovial fluid to seep from a damaged or injured knee joint, leading to the development of a fluid-filled sac behind the knee known as a Baker’s cyst. Our orthopedic doctors at NOVA Ortho & Spine can treat Baker’s cysts if you have one.
ILIOTBIAL BAND SYNDROME
The exterior of the knee, thigh, and hip are supported by the iliotibial band, a fibrous structure that runs between the hip and the top of the tibia (shin bone). The iliotibial band can rub against the knee bones while running, climbing stairs, or engaging in other activities involving knee movement, leading to IT band syndrome.
KNEE ANGULAR DEFORMITIES
The legs are made to center the body’s weight on an axis that runs directly through the hip, knees, and ankles in order to support the weight of the body. A knee angular deformity is when the knees bend inward (knock knees) or outward (bowed legs), and it typically starts in childhood.
Four important ligaments that hold the femur, tibia, and fibula in place stabilize the knee joint. A knee sprain can result from the knee quickly twisting or bending as a result of an accident, trauma, or sports injury. This can stretch or tear the knee ligaments. At NOVA Ortho & Spine, we have the specialists that can treat knee sprains successfully.
MCL TEAR OR SPRAIN
On the inside of the knee, the medial collateral ligament, or MCL, joins the femur and tibia. The MCL is crucial for stability and knee rotation because it supports the inner knee. The MCL may stretch or rupture in a knee sprain injury when the knee is bent or forced inward.
MULTIPLE LIGAMENT INJURY
Four major ligaments are necessary to support and stabilize the knee joint. These ligaments hold the leg bones together at the knee joint by joining the femur to the tibia and fibula. One or more ligaments may be sprained or torn when a knee injury occurs.
Children and adolescents are most commonly affected by osteochondritis dissecans, a bone condition that results in lesions on the ends of large bones in joints. In addition to harming the damaged bones and cartilage, this illness can also cause joint pain and swelling.
The patella, also known as the kneecap, is a crucial component of the knee joint and one of the body’s sesamoid bones, which means that tendons surround it. This little bone serves to safeguard the knee joint, but because of its position, it is more vulnerable to fracture. Many fractures of the kneecap might result in discomfort and knee impairment.
The patella, or kneecap, is positioned in the middle of the knee joint and is attached to the bone via tendons. On a grooved track on the femur, the knee slides over the other bones in a vertical motion when it bends or extends. A kneecap or patellar dislocation occurs when the kneecap falls out of place horizontally.
POSTEROLATERAL CORNER INJURIES
A collection of knee parts known as the posterolateral corner, or PLC, serves to support and stabilize the outside rear of the knee. This contains tendons, ligaments, nerves, muscles, and tissues that can all be hurt if the knee is struck directly or is bent suddenly, as is frequently the case in accidents and outdoor injuries.
RUNNER’S KNEE (CHONDROMALACIA PATELLA)
The knee is subjected to significant strain by runners and athletes who run as part of their sport. Due to the widespread condition among runners, a number of distinct knee ailments and conditions are referred to as “runner’s knee.” Chondromalacia patella is one of these disorders, brought on by damage to the cartilage under the kneecap from overuse or tension in the knee joint.
ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN
Pain may originate from the front, or anterior, of the knee. Anterior knee discomfort can be caused by injury or damage to the patella, or kneecap, as well as other tendons. To identify the cause of knee pain that is felt around the center or front of the knee, a medical diagnostic is required.
Bursae, which are sacs filled with fluid, act as a cushion between soft tissues and bone, especially in joints where these two structures are constantly moving. The many bursae of the knee enable friction-free movement of the bone, tendons, and ligaments. Bursitis, or swelling, can happen when a bursa is injured or irritated.
In order to jump when participating in sports or outdoor activities, you need strong knees that can propel you upward. To withstand the strain of pushing upward and absorb the shock of the landing, the knee’s muscles and tendons need to be in good physical shape. Patellar tendonitis, often known as jumper’s knee, is a disorder that develops when the patellar tendon is irritated, harmed, or inflamed.
One of the most prevalent conditions causing knee discomfort is arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis. Over 10% of males and 13% of women over 60 projected to have knee osteoarthritis, it is considerably more prevalent among seniors.
LATERAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT TEARS
One of the four main ligaments in the knee joint is called the lateral collateral ligament. It gives the exterior of the knee its stability by joining the femur and fibula. The lateral collateral ligament may stretch and rupture as a result of the knee turning, turning, or being forced out of alignment, causing discomfort and instability.
In the knee joint, between the femur and the tibia, the meniscus is a wedge-shaped piece of cartilage that serves as a shock absorber. Each knee contains two menisci, one on the inside and one outside of the joint. A meniscus tear in the knee can result in discomfort and functional problems.
Many bones have growth plates made of cartilage that eventually turn into bone as the bones mature. Tendons attach to some bones at the site of the growth plate, such as the tibia or shin bone. Adolescents with Osgood-Schlatter disease in the knee may experience inflammation as a result of stress from a tendon pulling on the tibial growth plate.
PATELLA TENDON TEAR OR RUPTURE
The patella tendon, which connects the patella, or kneecap, to the top of the tibia, or shin bone, is crucial for knee flexion and extension. A patella tendon tear can happen when the knee is subjected to excessive stress, tension, or force.
POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (OCL) INJURY
One of the four primary ligaments of the knee joint is the posterior cruciate ligament, or PCL. The PCL’s role is to support and stabilize the knee joint from behind, making sure the top of the tibia doesn’t move too far back. Though less frequent than many other kinds of knee ailments, PCL sprains and injuries can nevertheless happen as a result of traumatizing incidents causing accidents or outdoor-related injuries.
QUADRICEPTS TENDOR RUPTURE
When the knee and leg are straightened, the quadriceps group of muscles in the front of the thigh pull the patella and tibia up. The quadriceps are connected to the patella, which is connected to the tibia, through the quadriceps tendon. Quadriceps tendon injuries are uncommon but can be significant and require specialized medical attention.
Shin splints are a common complaint among runners, athletes, and many people who have spent a lot of time walking or jogging. This typical case of lower leg pain can make jogging, running, or even hiking unpleasant.
An unstable knee can result from a wide variety of ailments and knee injuries. The stability of the knee joint is supported by a number of ligaments, tendons, muscles, and other supporting tissues. Contact NOVA Ortho & Spine for treatment.